Natural hybridization and evolution

by Michael L. Arnold

Publisher: Oxford University Press in New York

Written in English
Cover of: Natural hybridization and evolution | Michael L. Arnold
Published: Pages: 215 Downloads: 984
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Subjects:

  • Hybridization,
  • Evolution (Biology)

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 187-211) and index.

  Hybridization and introgression in parasites and pathogens can have major impacts on the host and the epidemiology and evolution of disease. Schistosomiasis is a Neglected Tropical Disease of profound medical and veterinary importance across many parts of the world, with the greatest human burden within sub-Saharan by: The significance of hybridization in plant evolution is discussed with exemplification drawn from the ferns. It is noted that phenetic differentiation and pairing behaviour may not be well by: This page illustrates the evolution of wheat from wild, weedy ancestors to its current form through a combination of natural hybridization and artificial selection. Hosted by the University of. Start studying psy ch 1. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Darwin was influenced by the book An essay on the principle of population by evolution is widely accepted except in. industrial pollution. natural selection is illustrated by changes in the coloration of the Peppered Moth.

Speciation book. Read 4 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Science > Natural History. 2 users. Academic. Jerry Coyne is a professor in the department of ecology and evolution at the University of Chicago. His concentration is speciation and ecological and evolutionary genetics, particularly as they involve /5.   Hybridization boosts evolution Date: August 8, combinations that can be beneficial and are thus favoured by natural selection. early hybridization and . EXPERIMENTS IN PLANT HYBRIDIZATION () GREGOR MENDEL Read at the February 8th, and March 8th, , meetings of the Brünn Natural History Society Mendel, Gregor. Versuche über Size: KB. Evolution that arises from genetic drift is called neutral evolution. Evolution occurs when natural selection and genetic drift act on genetic variation. Other key players are also at work. For instance, gene flow, which refers to the flow of genes between populations as well as between species, can change the course of evolution. When two.

The predominant (and incorrect) genetic theory of the time, blending inheritance, made it difficult to understand how natural selection might operate. Darwin and Wallace were unaware of the Austrian monk Gregor Mendel's publication "Experiments in Plant Hybridization", which came out not long after Darwin's book, On the Origin of Species.   Many hybrids are little more than evolutionary failures that fade away, said Dr. Michael Arnold, a professor of biology at the University of Georgia and the author of ''Natural Hybridization Author: Mark Derr. It was once thought that the present day apple was the result of hybridization and human selection. Evidence now suggests that the evolution of M. pumila was shaped by the Tertiary geography, climate and ecology of what is now Southern China (Juniper & Mabberley , p).   A newly published study on the clymene dolphin, a small and sleek marine mammal living in the Atlantic Ocean, shows that this species arose through natural hybridization between two closely.

Natural hybridization and evolution by Michael L. Arnold Download PDF EPUB FB2

Hybridization and introgression have been neglected in evolutionary biology since the 's. Arnold's book shows why we should not ignore these phenomena The major hypothesis of Arnold's book is that natural hybridization can affect the evolutionary history of the groups in which it occursCited by:   Natural hybridization (or "reticulation") and introgression are all around us, and while botanists have long accepted the important role of reticulation in plant evolution (especially as far as angiosperms are concerned), zoologists have been much more hesitant to accept its importance in animal evolution/5.

In contrast, this book presents evidence of a significant role for natural hybridization in furthering adaptive evolution and evolutionary diversification in both plants and animals. Preview this.

Hybridization and introgression have been neglected in evolutionary biology since the 's. Arnold's book shows why we should not ignore these phenomena The major hypothesis of Arnold's book is that natural hybridization can affect the evolutionary history of the groups in which it occurs.

This book is concerned with natural hybrids, hybridization, and introgression. Arnold defines natural hybridization as a process in which successful matings occur in nature between individuals from two or more populations which are distinguishable.

Natural Hybridization and Evolution by Michael L. Arnold,available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide/5(3). In contrast, this book presents evidence of a significant role for natural hybridization in furthering adaptive evolution and evolutionary diversification in both plants and animals.

Excerpt The role of hybridization in evolution has been one of the most controversial topics in the whole Natural hybridization and evolution book of evolutionary study. texts All Books All Texts latest This Just In Smithsonian Libraries FEDLINK (US) Genealogy Lincoln Collection.

National Emergency Library. Top Natural Hybridization And Evolution Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. EMBED EMBED (for. This study includes data from sources which support the paradigm of natural hybridization as an important evolutionary process.

It presents evidence of a significant role for natural hybridization in furthering adaptive evolution and evolutionary diversification in both plants and animals. This review deals with natural hybridization, an important subject in conservation biology. Natural hybridization is defined as the secondary contact between two populations that have evolved separately over a long period of time.

This process is uncommon in terms of the total number of individuals involved, but is much less unusual if we consider the number of species that by: Elizabeth Pennisi’s Science article alludes to Edgar Anderson’s book Introgressive Hybridization as Natural hybridization and evolution book novel ideas about the role of hybridization in plants.

8 Indeed, his work is important and did challenge the views of his contemporaries. However, as is evident by this short discussion, the popular views among scientists of. This secondary contact between taxa is known as natural hybridization. Consequently, natural hybridization may be an important process in the shaping of the evolutionary trajectories of many Author: Meritxell Genovart.

In his book, The Origin of Species, Charles Darwin developed two main points. These were that A. the world was very old and that evolution occurs by natural selection B. evolution occurs slowly and that new species form by spontaneous generation A mule, formed by the hybridization of a female horse and a male donkey, is an example of.

Natural Hybridization and Evolution (Oxford Series in Ecology and Evolution) by Michael L. Arnold () on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. About the Book. Cannabis: Evolution and Ethnobotany is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary exploration of the natural origins and early evolution of this famous plant, highlighting its historic role in the development of human is has long been prized for the strong and durable fiber in its stalks, its edible and oil-rich seeds, and the psychoactive and medicinal compounds.

E-book $ to $ About E-books ISBN: Published October Disheartened by the shrink-wrapped, Styrofoam-packed state of contemporary supermarket fruits and vegetables, many shoppers hark back to a more innocent time, to visions of succulent red tomatoes plucked straight from the vine, gleaming orange carrots pulled from.

The role of hybridization in species formation is a controversial topic. In plants, hybrid speciation via polyploidy (such as chromosome duplication) is quite common, and in a review this week Author: James Mallet.

Contrary to the popularly held view of natural hybridization as maladaptive or even a violation of divergent evolution, this book presents evidence that it plays a significant role in furthering diversification in organisms.

Read more Read less click to open Author: Michael L. Arnold. evolution are widespread in animal taxa as well. This conclusion is supported by the documentation of numerous instances of the formation of new taxa and the genetic enrichment through introgressive hybridization.

In the present review, we use primates as a paradigm for how natural hybridization can affect the evolution of species complexes and. Iris. Anderson () used the Louisiana Iris species complex and, in particular, Iris fulva and I.

hexagona as his typical example for the process of introgressive hybridization. Natural hybridization between these species was seen as a type for understanding the process of introgression from its initiation to its diverse evolutionary and ecological by: Natural hybridization – Michael L. Arnold (University of Georgia) & John M.

Burke (Vanderbilt University) Box Potential Outcomes of Natural Hybridization Population bottlenecks and founder effects – Lisa Marie Meffert (Rice University) Box Models on the shifts in selection pressures experienced by bottlenecked populations book presents evidence of a significant role for natural hybridization in furthering adaptive evolution and evolutionary diversification in both plants and animals.

Variation and Evolution in Plants is a book written by G. Ledyard Stebbins, published in It is one of the key publications embodying the modern synthesis of evolution and genetics, as the first comprehensive publication to discuss the relationship between genetics and natural selection in plants.

Overall then, evolution within the primates, as in numerous other clades, argues against the Darwinian and Neo-Darwinian assumption that natural hybridization is trivial.

Instead, the data from lemurs to humans reflects the simultaneous processes of divergence and by:   Introduction. The importance of hybridization in plant speciation and evolution has been debated for decades, with opposing views of hybridization as either a creative evolutionary force or evolutionary noise –.Natural hybridization may occur at either the homoploid (i.e., between two species of the same ploidy) or the polyploid level, each with its attendant genetic and evolutionary Cited by: 1.

Introduction. The evolution of reproductive isolation and resultant speciation processes in plants have a rich literature, ably summarised by Grant () and Rieseberg and Willis ().Natural hybridization, bridging reproductive isolation barriers, involves the mating of individuals from distinguishable populations, usually of distinct taxa, and often involves the production of later Cited by: 1.

The role of hybridization in evolution. Introduction Natural hybridisation is a common evolutionary The last two taxa are included in the Red Data Book of Rare and Threatened Plants of.

Cambridge Core - Plant Sciences - Plant Variation and Evolution - by David BriggsCited by: 5. This theme is well described by the title of a Evolution paper authored by the plant evolutionary biologists, Edgar Anderson and Ledyard Stebbins – “Hybridization as an Evolutionary Stimulus”.

Thus, our group has examined a range of phenomena associated with the process of gene exchange between organisms in nature. organisms. Many natural philosophers, believed that God had created a fixed number of species and that since that time there had been hybridization and mixing (variation), but no fundamental change.

In the s, Darwin’s own grandfather, Erasmus, had published poems putting forward the idea of evolution. Homoploid hybrid speciation. Hybrid speciation in animals is primarily homoploid.

While thought not to be very common, a few animal species are the result of hybridization, mostly insects such as the Lonicera fly and Heliconius butterflies, as well as some fish, one marine mammal, the clymene dolphin.

Though it might sound like the plotline of a Dr. Seuss book, Examples of this kind of hybridization abound: if humans have learned anything from tinkering with the natural Author: Lorraine Boissoneault.Arnold ML: Natural Hybridization and Evolution.

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